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debt of gratitude前后如何搭配?
作者:李  翔    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2013/3/12    
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debt of gratitude前后如何搭配?  

   

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Renzhi Li (李韧之  汕头大学外文系教授)主编  Modality in English and Chinese: a Typological Perspenctive (Antwerp, 2003)“Acknowledgements“有这样一句话:I have specific debts of gratitude for Dr. Johan van der Auwera for his continuous encouragement, critical comments, and luminous directions.  

然而, have specific debts of gratitude for sb. for sth. 却是不符合英美语言习惯的Chinglish, 在英美语中习惯用法是owe a debt of gratitude to sb. for sth.,实际上,已经成了一个idiom,只是有时在debt之前加上一个形容词。  

首先,请看收录包含debt of gratitude例句的词典:   

1.《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》(7)(商务印书馆 ) p515:  

debt   3.[C, usually sing. ] the fact that you should feel grateful to sb  because  they have helped you or been kin d to you.  人情债;情意;恩情 : to owe a debt of gratitude to sb    欠某人的情  

2. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary  © Oxford University Press, 2010  ( 8th edition光盘版):  

debt  3 [ countable , usually singular ] the fact that you should feel grateful to sb because they have helped you or been kind to you  

to owe a debt of gratitude to sb  

3. Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English (2nd edition © Oxford University Press, 2009)(光盘版):  

debt  noun     3  sth that you owe sb  

phrases  

owe a ~ of gratitude to sb  

We owe a great ~ of gratitude to our families for their support.  

4. Evadne Adrian-Vallance 《朗文高级英语应试辞典》Longman Exams Dictionary (20062  光盘版):  

debt       noun      4 debt of gratitude / thanks    the fact of being grateful to someone who has helped you:  I owe a debt of gratitude to my tutors.  

5. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5(光盘版):  

debt    noun  4  debt of gratitude/thanks     the fact of being grateful to someone who has helped you :  

I owe a debt of gratitude to my tutors.  

6. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (CD-ROM 2nd Edition. CD-ROM © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2007):  

debt   2[singular]an obligation to be grateful to someone because they have done something for you  

owe a debt of gratitude to someone: I owe a debt of gratitude to my father, who has always supported me.  

7. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary  (3rd Edition  光盘版) :  debt    acknowledge/ owe a debt (of gratitude) to sb/sth  

8. 刘世同主编《全新多用当代英汉双解大词典》( 学苑出版社 20022 月第2 )p329:  I owe him a debt of gratitude for all he has done for me. 我欠他一笔曾帮我的人情债。(注:根据简清国主编《建宏外研社英汉多功能词典》(外语与教学研究出版社19971月第1)P10 60:(……事,由某人)受到恩惠   [owe+()+]=[owe+++to()]可知: I owe him a debt of gratitude for all he has done for me.= I owe a debt of gratitude to him for all he has done for me.下同)  

9.(日) 市川繁治郎主编《英语搭配大辞典》(外语教学与研究出版社200610月第1)p451:  

I owe my publishers a special debt of gratitude.  

   

 

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